- PRIMARY Collection In-library use only: Books from 1500's to 1920, emphasis on medicine in 19th Century America. Includes original works by Benjamin Rush, John and Charles Bell, and Daniel Drake.
- SECONDARY Collection:
Books from 1920 to present on the history of medicine, pharmacy, and nursing; these books may be checked out.
- Collection of over 1000 medical instruments and equipment from 19th century. Also catalogs of medical instruments from leading manufacturers in 19th and early 20th century.
- Collection includes photographs of medical graduates, residents, faculty; the buildings of the Medical Center; hospitals and offices from 19th Century in Cincinnati; medical art; physicians, nurses.
- Catalogs of the New York Academy of Medicine Photograph Collection, Index Medicus, National Library of Medicine Photograph Collection, museum and private collections.
- Oral history videorecordings of interviews with important physicians, scientists, and other health professionals in Cincinnati medical history, e.g. Deans of the College of Medicine, Department Chairmen, Researchers, Faculty, etc.
Medical Alumni Records
- Information about graduates of the 5 medical colleges that merged or affiliated to become the University College of Medicine in 1916, as well as college announcements and commencements from many years.
- Cincinnati General Hospital: patient records, indexes to patients records, and death records from 1837-1977 (some years are missing).
- Jewish Hospital, Seton Hospital, and Dunham Hospital.
United States Civil War collection
- Daniel Young's original drawings and pathological studies of wounds suffered by troops at various battlefields.
- Books on medicine in the Civil War including medical personnel rosters, diaries, and field operations.
- Benjamin L. Askue collection. Askue was a Civil War nurse from Cincinnati. The collection contains his letters, artifacts, and photographs.
- A 109-piece set of ceramic jars, replicating a 15th-century apothecary shop, produced by the Cantagalli kiln in Florence, Italy, for the 1899 Paris International Exposition.
- Plates from the "Most Splendid Anatomy Ever Published." Mascagni's exquisite anatomy, said to be the largest medical hook ever produced, depicts the dissection from skin to skeleton of a human male about 6 feet tall. The entire body can be illustrated by placing three plates end-to-end.
- Paintings, portraits, art objects, and sculptures depicting people and diseases in the history of medicine and history of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.